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Statistical Thinking in Epidemiology

Statistical Thinking in Epidemiology - Free Ebook Download

Book Detail

Author/Editor(s): Yu-Kang Tu, Mark S. Gilthorpe
Publication Date: July 27, 2011
ISBN-10: 1420099914
ISBN-13: 978-1420099911
Language: English
Edition: 1
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
Size: 3.40 MB
Format: pdf

Book Description

While biomedical researchers may be able to follow instructions in the manuals accompanying the statistical software packages, they do not always have sufficient knowledge to choose the appropriate statistical methods and correctly interpret their results. Statistical Thinking in Epidemiology examines common methodological and statistical problems in the use of correlation and regression in medical and epidemiological research: mathematical coupling, regression to the mean, collinearity, the reversal paradox, and statistical interaction.

Statistical Thinking in Epidemiology is about thinking statistically when looking at problems in epidemiology. The authors focus on several methods and look at them in detail: specific examples in epidemiology illustrate how different model specifications can imply different causal relationships amongst variables, and model interpretation is undertaken with appropriate consideration of the context of implicit or explicit causal relationships. This book is intended for applied statisticians and epidemiologists, but can also be very useful for clinical and applied health researchers who want to have a better understanding of statistical thinking.

Throughout the book, statistical software packages R and Stata are used for general statistical modeling, and Amos and Mplus are used for structural equation modeling.

About the Author

Dr Yu-Kang Tu is a Senior Clinical Research Fellow in the Division of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, and in the Leeds Dental Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. He was a visiting Associate Professor to the National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. First trained as a dentist and then an epidemiologist, he has published extensively in dental, medical, epidemiological and statistical journals. He is interested in developing statistical methodologies to solve statistical and methodological problems such as mathematical coupling, regression to the mean, collinearity and the reversal paradox. His current research focuses on applying latent variables methods, e.g. structural equation modeling, latent growth curve modelling, and lifecourse epidemiology. More recently, he has been working on applying partial least squares regression to epidemiological data.

Prof Mark S Gilthorpe is professor of Statistical Epidemiology, Division of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK. Having completed a single honours degree in mathematical Physics (University of Nottingham), he undertook a PhD in Mathematical Modelling (University of Aston in Birmingham), before initially embarking upon a career as self-employed Systems and Data Analyst and Computer Programmer, and eventually becoming an academic in biomedicine. Academic posts include systems and data analyst of UK regional routine hospital data in the Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Birmingham; Head of Biostatistics at the Eastman Dental Institute, University College London; and founder and Head of the Division of Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Leeds. His research focus has persistently been that of the development and promotion of robust and sophisticated modelling methodologies for non-experimental (and sometimes large and complex) observational data within biomedicine, leading to extensive publications in dental, medical, epidemiological and statistical journals.

Reviews

… this book is enjoyable … it encourages readers to conceptualize statistical thinking in a graphically entertaining way. … one of the impressive works of the book lies in visualization of statistically important concepts.… I would recommend this book to diverse audiences. … the book provides novel insight on how one can develop the core concepts from scratch via graphical concepts, which will definitely be beneficial. Bearing in mind the geometrical concepts from this book, statistical thinking of more complicated models is readily welcomed.

--Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics

There are extensive references to the literature, both in statistics and in medicine. This is a demanding text, not mathematically but for the subtlety of the issues canvassed, some of which remain controversial. Should any reader come to this text thinking that the interpretation of regression results is a simple matter, they will be quickly disabused.

--International Statistical Review

The graphical explanations proposed are quite convincing and these tools should be more exploited in statistical classes.

--Sophie Donnet, Université Paris-Dauphine
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